Which is the traditional game of India which consists of traits such as cooperation, devotion, keenness, self-esteem, tốc độ, and quichồng thinking? The answer is Kho Kho! This traditional Indian sport is more than a game. It is a personal development tool for the one who loves to lớn take up the challenge. One can clearly say, Kho Kho game is an inexpensive sầu but highly enjoyable game.

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It is one of the most popular traditional sports in the country. Some of the interesting facts about the game: The position of the players sitting is random; one will never find the same mix of players sitting in the same order as when the game starts. The game requires immense stamimãng cầu và speed. There are many famous Kho Kho players in India who have sầu taken this game to another level. So are you planning to lớn start a new game? Why wait? Today, we bring you the perfect guide lớn the Kho Kho game and all the kho kho information.

Tracing the roots of the Game

It is a tag game of our country. Its roots are as old as the epic Mahabharata, with plans and strategies likely derived from the epic itself. As the tale narrates, on the 13th day of the war, the Kaurava Guru Dronacharya planned the sole tactics ‘Chakravyuh’, a special military defensive sầu plan broke by Abhimanyu. Unfortunately, he died as he had to lớn fight alone against 7 warriors and he was badly injured. His style of fighting reflected the concept of ring play – a defensive tactic in the game. The game during age-old times involved ‘raths’ and chariots & was named Rathera.

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History of Kho Kho Game


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The Asian Kho Kho Federation first came into existence in 1987 at the time of the third SAF Games in India. The Kho Kho game gained international credit with the first Asian Championship which was held in Kolkata in 1996. The second championship was held in 2000 which added further shine khổng lồ the game.

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About Kho Kho game

The modern-day game was invented in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The Deccan Gymkhana of Pune tried to lkết thúc a sense of reliability & recognition to lớn the game by introducing certain rules and regulations to make it more formal. As a result, countries such as Pakisrã, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives also participated in the game.


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Kho Kho trò chơi Terminology

PoleA specially made wooden cylindrical construction erected firmly at both sides of the playfield.
ChaserThe sitting team tries lớn catch the opponent team member who is running. Chaser sit-in square over cross lines with an alternative baông chồng.
RunnerThe player of the opposition who saves himself from being caught by the chaser.
Central LaneTwo parallel lines from one pole to another.
Cross LaneThe parallel lanes cutting the central line at the middle of the playing area.
KhoThe word Kho is actually a pass given by one chaser to another.
Early GetupWhen the sitting chaser gets up before getting a Kho.
Late Khowhen active sầu chaser delays in the touch for giving Kho to another
Changing The DirectionWhen active sầu chaser goes in the wrong direction against rules.

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Minus KhoA violation of directional fault in which the chased cannot make the running player out unless Kho is passed back lớn two teammates or touch khổng lồ a pole.
LobbyThe không tính phí space area around the playfield.
Free ZoneThe area by the sides of pole lines in which the direction rule is not followed and a runner can move sầu in any direction.
SquareSquare-shaped area by the cutting of center lane và cross lane used for sitting of the chase.

Kho Kho Ground Measurement

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The playing area dimensions (Credits:KhoKhoskills)

Talking about ground measurement, the playground for the game is 29 meters long and 16 meters wide. At each kết thúc of the longer side of the rectangle, it has two areas measuring 16 meters in length and 2.75 meters in width. A wooden pillar of 1đôi mươi centimet is located at the inner center of the line of this rectangle as shown in the figure above sầu. The perimeter of the wooden pillar is between 30 to lớn 40 cm. There is one straight line on either side of the pillar.

There are 8 pairs of parallel lines between these two wooden pillar posts. Each pair of the line is 30 centimet away from each other and 2.30 meters away from the next pair. Coming to the equipment, the game requires two watches, whistles, measuring tape, boric powder, and stationery khổng lồ write results.

READ | Top 10 Most Popular Traditional Indian Games

Kho Kho field Size

Total area requirement30m x 19m (inclusive sầu of the lobby from all sides measuring 1.5m wide.)
Playing Area27m x 16m inclusive of 1.5m x 16m of không tính tiền zone behind both poles
Pole Distance24m Central lane joining two poles measuring 24m length x 30cm width
Cross lanes8 – intersecting the central lane. Each lane measuring 16m x 35m
Pole SizeHeight (above sầu ground level – 120cm to 125centimet, Diameter 9-10cm)

Kho Kho Rules

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There are certain rules to lớn follow in the game (Credits Epilogue)Kho Kho game is played between 2 teamsNumber of players in Kho Kho: 12. But only 9 of them can compete on the pitch.A standard match encompasses two innings.Each inning will have 9 minutes which includes chasing & running.The chasing team sits or kneels in the middle of the court in a row. Each player sitting next khổng lồ the other will see on the opposite sides (in an alternative sầu direction).The chasers should end in the quickest time possible.The chaser will touch the nearest possible player on his/her back & say ‘Kho’ to give sầu hyên a chance to chase.The team that takes the shordemo amount of time khổng lồ touch the player chased, is adjudged as the winner.The runner or the chaser is decided by toss.The captain of the chasing side may end the turn before the allotted time.The side that scores more wins a match.When a defender is out, he should enter the sitting box from the lobby.

Kho Kho Information

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The game requires speed & flexibility (Credits State of Mysore)Both teams will comprise nine players. Before the game begins, two captains will have a toss. The toss-winning team decides either khổng lồ defover or khổng lồ chase.If the winning team decides lớn chase, they mix up an eight-member team to lớn chase the opponent team in a span of 12 minutes. There will be two innings provided for both teams.The game starts by chasing down the opponent with the help of team members in a straight direction. The defender should not cut the line or change the direction in order lớn avoid getting out or touched by the opponent. A chaser can give maximum passes (Kho) to his teammate while chasing. After 12 minutes, the team, which takes the best quiông xã time to lớn touch the player chased wins the game.READ | 7 Basic Badminton Skills You Can Learn Without Coaching

Duties of Defender

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The defender should save sầu himself from being caught by chaser (Credits:mybloghowtoplaykhokho)

Defenders must be quichồng enough. The defender should highly possess qualities such as flexibility & speed. Defenders must have a sufficient amount of reflex in the body because it allows them to lớn change the direction lớn keep the game active in a real way.

Duties of Chaser

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Team in Yellow jersey are chasers (Credits Mybloghowtoplaykhokho)

Chasers are the opponents of the defender, whose ayên ổn is khổng lồ touch the defender. It is recommended for every chaser khổng lồ keep a cthua trận eye on his defender. This helps them to lớn give a perfect pass (Kho) to lớn their team member in order to lớn touch the defender and bag points. It is essential lớn block the opponent in various ways khổng lồ gain points in an easy manner.

Kho Kho Skills

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(Credits: DNA)

Judgment of direction is one of the foremost skills one must hone while playing the game. This skill proves how fast & attentive you are. You must be very responsive lớn your teammates. This is required while getting up from the square. This game burns your calorie. One must run fast. It’s not just a relay, it includes a single chain running, zig-zag running, & straight running.

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Role of Referee

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Match Officials (Credits YouTube)

The referee must give sầu a thorough look at the score sheets và playing area. The referee must coordinate with the umpires, in order khổng lồ perform their duties well. If a player purposefully obstructs the conduct of the play or behaves in an ungentlemanly or mischievous manner, the referee can penalize the defaulting player. A referee can announce the warning by calling the chest number of the runner or chaser và showing a Yellow Card. It shall be recorded by Scorer-1 by marking the chest number in the warning column. The referee can announce the ‘forbidden’ from participation in future play in a similar way as a warning by displaying a Red Card.

Kho Kho Federation of India

The game’s primary sports body toàn thân is known as the Kho-Kho Federation of India (KKFI). It has its branches in all the states and it has been conducting Mini, Junior, & mở cửa National Championships for both genders, in many parts of India.