Windows 10 includes a “Remix your PC” option that quickly restores Windows to lớn its factory default configuration. It’s faster & more convenient than reinstalling Windows from scratch or using your manufacturer’s recovery partition.
Bạn đang xem: How to factory reset windows 10
Windows 8 had separate “Refresh your PC” và “Reset your PC” options. Refresh kept all your files and personalization settings, but set your PC settings to the default & uninstalled your desktop apps. Reset removed everything, including your files–lượt thích doing a complete Windows resintall from scratch.
On Windows 10, things are a bit simpler. The only option is “Reset your PC”, but during the process, you’ll get to lớn choose whether to keep your personal files or not.
How Resetting Your PC Works
When you use the “Reset this PC” feature in Windows, Windows resets itself lớn its factory default state. If you purchased a PC và it came with Windows 10 installed, your PC will be in the same state you received it in. All the manufacturer installed software & drivers that came with the PC will be reinstalled. If you installed Windows 10 yourself, it will be a fresh Windows 10 system without any additional software.
You can choose whether you want khổng lồ keep your personal files or erase them. However, all your installed programs và settings will be erased. This ensures you have a fresh system. Any problems caused by third-các buổi tiệc nhỏ software, system file corruption, system settings changes, or malware should be fixed by resetting your PC.
If your computer came with Windows pre-installed, you may also see a third option, “Restore Factory Settings”. This will restore the original version that came with your PC–so if your computer came with Windows 8, & you upgraded khổng lồ Windows 10, it will reset bachồng to Windows 8.
This process is very similar to lớn reinstalling Windows from scratch or using a manufacturer-supplied recovery partition, but is more convenient.
Under the Hood
Microsoft has explained what’s actually going on under the hood here. When you reset your PC and remove everything:The PC boots inkhổng lồ Windows RE, the Windows Recovery EnvironmentWindows RE erases & formats the Windows partitions before installing a fresh copy of Windows.The PC restarts into lớn the new copy of Windows.
When you choose lớn keep your files, the same steps occur. However, before erasing your Windows partition, Windows RE scans the hard drive sầu for your files and personal settings. It places them aside, installs a fresh copy of Windows, và puts them baông chồng where they were found.
Whether you choose khổng lồ keep your personal files or not, this process involves a completely fresh Windows system. That’s why your desktop programs are erased.
How to Reset Your PC From Within Windows
To reset your PC to its factory mặc định settings on Windows 10, just open the Settings app và head lớn Update & Security > Recovery. Clichồng or tap the “Get Started” button under “Reset this PC”.
On Windows 8, head lớn Change PC Settings > Update và Recovery > Recovery to find the equivalent “Refresh your PC” & “Reset this PC” options.
You can choose lớn either “Keep my files” or “Remove everything”. If you select “Keep my files”, Windows will reset Windows to its default state, removing your installed applications và settings but keeping your personal files. If you select “Remove everything”, Windows will erase everything, including your personal files.
If you just want a fresh Windows system, select “Keep my files” khổng lồ reset Windows without deleting your personal files. You should use the “Remove sầu everything” option when selling a computer or giving it lớn someone else, as this will erase your personal data and phối the machine to its factory mặc định state. Either way, it’s a good idea to have backups of your important files before using this feature.
In Windows 8, the “Keep my files” option was named “Refresh your PC” & the “Remove everything” option was named “Remix your PC”. Windows 10 simplifies things by calling this process “Reset your PC” and asking what you want lớn vì with your files.
If you choose to remove everything, Windows will ask if you want khổng lồ “clean the drives, too”. Select “Remove sầu files và clean the drive” và Windows will copy data over the drive sầu lớn ensure your deleted files can’t be recovered. This is the igiảm giá khuyến mãi option to use when you’re selling or giving away the PC (or its hard drive).
How to Remix Your PC From the Boot Menu
RELATED: Three Ways to lớn Access the Windows 8 or 10 Boot Options Menu
If your Windows PC isn’t booting properly, you can remix it from the boot options menu. We’ve covered several ways lớn access this thực đơn. However, this thực đơn will also appear automatically if Windows can’t boot.
Select Troubleshoot > Reset this PC khổng lồ rephối your PC from the thực đơn.
How to Get a Fresh Windows 10 System Without the Bloatware
RELATED: How to lớn Easily Reinstall Windows 10 Without the Bloatware
The “Rephối this PC” option is convenient, but there’s one big problem with it: if your PC manufacturer installed a lot of junk software you don’t want at the factory, resetting your PC will bring all that junk bachồng.
Thankfully, with Windows 10’s Anniversary Update, there’s now an easy way lớn get a fresh-from-Microsoft Windows 10 system. Just cliông chồng the “Learn how lớn start fresh with a clean installation of Windows” link on the Settings > Update & Security > Recovery screen.
The new “Give your PC a fresh start” tool will download a Windows 10 image straight from Microsoft & install it on your system, giving you a fresh-from-Microsoft system with none of that factory software installed. The hardware drivers you need should be automatically downloaded from Windows Update after you’re done. If you need a hardware driver or utility that isn’t automatically installed from Windows Update, you’ll find them on your PC manufacturer’s tải về site.
Windows 8 allowed you to lớn create a custom refresh image. Whenever you refreshed or rephối your PC, it would use your custom image instead of the default one. For example, you could uninstall bloatware that came with your PC, install important software, or change system settings and then create a refresh image with the current system state. However, this option is no longer present in Windows 10–but the bloatware-less option is at least a nice consolation prize.