The main feature of a Sphynx is its lachồng of a fur coat. The cats are not, however, entirely hairless but covered with fine, downy hair that is said to be lượt thích a peach skin. This cát has no whiskers or eyelashes. The skin is wrinkled on parts of the head, body toàn thân và legs but should be taut everywhere else. Pigmentation is clearly visible on the skin of the Sphynx and it can have many skin patterns & colours.
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Health và welfare of hairless cats
Cats have hair và fur for important reasons – it provides protection, warmth & helps with communication. The hairs also provide information about the cat’s environment, as they are very sensitive sầu to touch. Because keeping its coat in perfect condition is very important, the mèo has developed a barbed tongue for effective sầu grooming và spends a large amount of time on this activity. Depriving a cát of its hair coat will have many detrimental consequences including exposing delicate skin to lớn harmful ultraviolet light, and making skin injury much more likely. Because there is no hair on which khổng lồ distribute the oil produced by the skin, the oil accumulates & can make it feel greasy, mark furniture or collect in the cat’s nail beds. Hairless cats have khổng lồ be bathed on a regular basis. The skin may be prone lớn yeast infections and obviously the cats are susceptible to cold và to sunburn if they go outside.
Despite their laông xã of hair, Sphynx cats can still cause allergic reactions. Allergies khổng lồ cats are usually caused by an allerren in feline saliva.
Health and welfare issues – other
Devon Rex Myopathy has been found in Sphynx và Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is strongly suspected khổng lồ be inherited in this breed.
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International Cat Care’s position is that for a cát, a coat is essential. We should not be breeding hairless cats.
We have sầu limited the information about inherited disorders khổng lồ those conditions that are known and proven to exist within a breed. For many breeders và many conditions, insufficient information may be available at this time khổng lồ know whether any particular breed is necessarily miễn phí of any particular condition.
In general, pedigree breeds use a much smaller gen pool for breeding than domestic cats and therefore have sầu a higher risk of developing inherited disorders. In addition, a number of ‘newer’ pedigree breeds are derived from matings between one or more ‘older’ breeds, & in these situations perpetuation of inherited problems that were seen in older breeds is likely within the newer breeds.
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